The history of the founding of the city of Fez to the end of the eighth century during the coming of the Lord Idris to Morocco in the first 789 meters, where he built the first nucleus of the city on the right bank of Wadi Fez Andalusian district. In the year 808 AD Idris II founded a new city on the left bank of Wadi Fez district Alkiroignyn relative to the origin of the sloping Sakinth of Kairouan by African.
The enemy Andalusian walled, six doors and pierced her mosque mosque. In the old city opposite Idris II it has also built a wall, a mosque, in addition to the Palace and the market.
Fez has been known in this era economic and urban boom unrivaled for its presence in the plain of Sais area fertile, but offered multiple and varied resources necessary to build Kmadta wood and stones available forests and quarries Atlas near the Mediterranean, as well as the abundance of salt and mud used in the ceramics industry.
Fez are important strategic location as a networker of trade routes between East and West, especially those which linked Sijilmasa northern Morocco. The city also set up a static mix of Berbers Middle Atlas and Alkiroignyn and Andalusians, Jews who contributed to the development of urban, economic and cultural.
In the year 857 AD Fatima Afihrih the construction of a mosque villagers West left the valley of Fez which was expanded later by Yusuf ibn Yasin Almurbati (1061-1060m), after seizing the city in 1069 AD, also worked on the unification of the two banks within the wall of one and contributed to the revival of life economic building hotels, bathrooms and mills.
After a siege that lasted nine months, Unitarians conquered the city in 1143 AD. Marinid under the rule of the state, the city of Fez is known as the golden age of Abu Youssef Yacoub (1286-1258m) to build the new Fez in the year 1276 AD where the fortress wall and summed up a large mosque in residential neighborhoods, palaces and gardens.
During the seventeenth century Fez is known to build a special district of the Jews is the first navigator in Morocco.
After a long period of decline and retreat because of the unrest experienced by the country, Saadi Dynasty conquered the city in 1554. Although the transmission of the capital sentence to Marrakech singled Saadi Dynasty city of Fez with some huge achievements Ki_idahm to the corridors of the Mosque of the villagers and a number of palaces and restoration of the city walls and building large towers in the northern and southern sides of the city of Fez.
As a result of disorders known to the state Saadia Fez split into two cities: New Fez and Fes el Bali. In 1667, he was able Alawites from taking it. Generally these present known under the rule of the Alawite accomplish several landmarks, among them in particular, carpenters and Hotel School Acharatin and stubble Chrarda outside Fez and the new Palace of Batha.
This is the mosque of the most famous mosques in Morocco, built in 857 AD by Fatima Afihrih, it has been added to the silo by princes Alzenatien the year 956 AD. Most of the design of the mosque dates back to the Almoravid period (12th century AD), which also saw the construction of gypsum domes scattered tiled central prayer hall (put Tribune). While it is seen several additions mosque in a private pro periods closet mosque and the house of the ablution.
Built this mosque 859-860m a year by Mary’s sister Fatima Afihrih but the current design is due in its entirety to the reign of Nasser Almohad. He has been known to add water fountain and in the locker Almareni Covenant. During the period, the Alawite Sultan Moulay Ismail several reforms.
The walls of Fes el Bali
Fences surrounding Fez el Bali dating back to the reign of Nasser Almohad (1199-1213m). But the doors that penetrate bearing the names of most of them dating back to the reign of Idrisid and Alzenatien (Bab al-Futuh, the church door, the door of blush, the new door).
The new Grand Mosque in Fez
It was built in 1276 during the reign of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. Several reforms have seen on Prince of Abu Fares Almareni the year 1395 AD. The Treasury has made a mosque by Sultan Moulay Rashid upper 1668 m.
This is a school that was founded by Sultan Abu Annan Almareni between 1350-1355, from the months of Fez, Morocco, schools in addition to its role as an institution for the education of students and the establishment, which was held Friday prayers. It is available on the silo beautiful construction and decoration in addition to the water clock (position) operation technique unknown.
Built this fort, which resides north of Fes el Bali in 1582 AD by the Tombs. The design derives from the Portuguese castles dating back to the 16th century. It is currently home to the Museum of weapons.
Hotel and watering carpenters
These two back Amwalimtan overlooking the yard carpenters to 18 century. The witness and for their Zacharvhma and a new approach that has characterized the architecture Afassip with the beginning of the upper period. In the year of 1997 embraced carpenters wood Museum of Art Hotel.
Built this palace, which is a summer residence of the royal stomach, receptions by Sultan Moulay Abdelaziz in 1897 has been converted in 1915 to a regional museum of arts and customs.